Search the over 500 male adults listed in the 1928 Krugersdorp Voters List. We found blacksmiths, bus drivers, butchers, carpenters, civil servants, clerks, constables, dental mechanics, fitters, masons, miners, policemen, warders and trolley drivers.
Search our records now. We have given you surnames, first names, addresses as well as occupations to help you find your ancestors. Below is a list of the surnames that can be found in this database.
Ackerman, Adams , Ainsworth, Allsopp, Anderson, Archbold, Arenson, Aronovitz, Aryes,
Ashworth, Assor, Axelson, Badenhorst, Baker, Barendse, Barnard, Bassch, Bateman, Bedford,
Beneke, Bessinger, Bester, Beukes, Bezuidenhout, Black, Blignaut, Bond, Boruchman,
Boshoff, Botes, Botha, Bouwer, Breed, Breytenbach, Brink, Brits, Britz, Broadhurst,
Brockelbank, Brooderyk, Brown, Bruwer, Bullard, Burrell, Busch, Bush, Byleveldt, Callow,
Campher, Campher , Celliers, Centnerowitz, Chambers, Clark, Classens, Coetzee, Coetzee ,
Coetzer, Cohnheim, Collins, Colyn, Combrink, Connock, Cooper, Cowley, Cowling, Coxon,
Craighead, Croft, Cronie, Crowe, Davidson, Davies, De Bruyn, De Klerk, De Lange, De
Villiers, Denysschen, Dodds, Donaldson, Douglas, Du Plessis, Du Plooy, Du Toit, Duggan,
Duminy, Duvenhage, Eddy, Edwards, Edworthy, Els, Emett, Engela, Engelbercht, Erasmus ,
Ernst, Esterhuyzen, Falconer, Farish, Feitelberg, Fenn, Fenton, Ferreira , Fletcher,
Foord, Forster, Fouche, Fourie, Fowler, Francis, Friedman, Furstenburg, Gallichan, Gangel,
Gedye, Gerber, Gerret, Gibson, Goodman, Gouws, Gregor, Greyling, Griffith, Grobler,
Hadden, Hailey, Hale, Halgryn, Hamilton, Harber, Harmse, Harrison, Heard, Hechter, Heelis,
Henderson, Hendrikz, Henning, Herholdt, Heyneke, Hickey, Hinks, Hodgson, Hoffman, Holmes,
Holton, Horrell, Hosking, Hudson, Hulbert, Human, Humphrey, Hunter, Jackson, Jacobs,
James, Janse Van Rensburg, Johnson, Jones, Jonker, Jordaan, Jose, Joubert, Just, Keevy,
Kempen, Kiersch, Killick, Kleynhans, Klopper, Kloppers, Kortsen, Kotler, Kotze, Krawitz,
Kriek, Kruger, La Marque, Labuschagne, Laight, Le Roux, Lessing, Lewis, Lindhout ,
Linford, Lombard, Long, Lotter, Lotz, Loubser, Loudow, Lourens, Ludick, Lundie, Lurie,
Macintyre, Macrae, Main, Maling, Maltz, Manthey, Marais, Marais , Mardon, Maree, Maritz,
Marlowe, Marsberg, Martin, Materface, Mathews, May, Mcalpine, Mcculloch, Mcdonald,
Mcfarlane, Mcguire, Mclean, Mcleay, Melchbeker, Merkel, Mew, Michalow, Millar, Milton,
Milward, Minnaar, Mitchell, Mortimer, Morton, Muburgh, Muhlenbeck, Muir, Muntingh, Murray,
Myburg, Naude, Neill, Nel, Nienaber, Nole, Nosica, Oberholzer, Oelofse, Ogilvie, Olivier,
Oosthuizen, Opperman, Osborn, Otto, Page, Parkes, Peach, Penn, Phillips, Phillipson,
Pitts, Player, Ponton, Potgieter, Pretorius, Price, Prinsloo, Quick, Raftopulos,
Redelinghuys, Reed, Reid, Reinecke, Resnick, Rheeders, Ridley, Robb, Robertson, Robinson,
Robson, Rohland, Roos, Ross, Rousseau, Roux, Rudolph, Sablick, Sans, Schilbach, Schmidt,
Schoeman, Schutte, Scott, Serel, Sewitz, Shackelton, Shenker, Short, Skinner, Smith,
Smuts, Spence, Spilsbury, Stappard, Steel, Steffens, Stephen, Stewart, Steyn, Stone,
Strydom, Strydon, Sullivan, Swanepoel, Swart, Tait, Taljaard, Taylor, Teasdale,
Theunissen, Theys, Thomas, Thompson, Thrope, Todd, Treisman, Trimble, Van Blerk, Van
Bosch, Van Bouillon, Van Coppenhagen, Van Den Berg, Van Den Heever, Van Der Berg, Van Der
Hoff, Van Der Hoven, Van Der Linde, Van Der Merwe, Van Der Walt, Van Dyk, Van Goeverden,
Van Greunen, Van Heerden, Van Niekerk, Van Rhyn, Van Rooyen, Van Ryneveld, Van Wyk, Van
Wyngaarden, Vavasour, Venter, Verster, Viljoen, Visser, Viviers, Vorster, Vos, Waite,
Walden, Wallace, Wallach, Walls, Webb, Weeks, Welsh, Wessels, Whear, Wheeler, Whitesides,
Wienand, Willcox, Willemse, Williams, Williamson, Wills, Wimbles, Winder, Wright, Yates,
Search this wonderful list of over 500 Voters from the 1928 who resided in the Klerksdorp area. This database provides full names, addresses and occupations of voters who qualified to vote.
From bank clerks, boere, miners, teachers, railway officials and speculators, we have them here. Below is a list of surnames that can be found in this database.
Ackerman, Ackermann, Alant, Annandale, Aspeling, Badenhorst, Beckley, Beetge, Benadie,
Bergman, Beukus, Bezuidenhourt, Bezuidenhout, Blom, Blomkamp, Bloom, Boltman, Bolton,
Bond, Boshoff, Bosman, Botha, Bothma, Braude, Breedt, Brink, Brits, Broderyk, Bronkhorst,
Brown, Bruckmann, Buissine, Burger, Burns, Buys, Cameron, Cawood, Celliers, Chambers,
Christian, Claase, Clemitson, Clinton, Coetzee, Cohen, Colyn, Combrinck, Cooks, Cordier,
Cowan, Cox, Davidtz, De Beer, De Bruyn, De Klerk, De Kock, De Koker, De Korte, De Wet,
Deane, Delaport, Delport, Dix, Dove, Dreyer, Driver, Du Bruin, Du Plessis, Du Plooy, Du
Preez, Du Toit, Dyason, Elliott, Ellison, Els, Engelbrecht, Erasmus, Ernst, Esterhuizen,
Evain, Evans, Favard, Fenwick, Ferreira, Fourie, Freeman, Fullard, Gericke, Gordon,
Gravell, Greef, Greyling, Griesel, Grobbelaar, Grobler, Groenewald, Halgryn, Halkerston,
Haman, Hamilton, Harmzen, Hart, Havenga, Haywood-May, Heenop, Herberden, Hern, Hesketh,
Hills, Hockey, Hoffland, Holland, Horan, Horwitz, Hunter, Jacobs, Janneke, Janse, Janse
Van Rensburg, Jansen, Johnson, Jonker, Jooste, Jordaan, Joubert, Jowell, Kaminer, Kieser,
Klue, Knight, Koen, Kotze, Kotzee, Kriel, Kropman, Kruger, Kuhn, Labuschagne, Laffens,
Lambard, Le George, Le Grange, Le Roux, Lemmer, Levin, Levy, Lewis, Liebenberg, Lindeque,
Lodewyek, Loggenberg, Lombaard, Lombard, Loubser, Lourens, Louw, Lubbe, Lucas, Ludick,
Maartens, Maartins, Macklin, Malan, Marais, Maree, Marx, Matthews, Mcdonald, Meeding,
Meintjes, Mendelsohn, Meyer, Moir, Morris, Morrison, Myburg, Myburgh, Nagel, Nel, Neser,
Nicoll, Nienaber, Nieuwenhuis, Nightingale, Nortje, O’reilly, Oberholzer, Olivier,
Oosthuizen, Opperman, Page, Palm, Panley, Parkhill, Paterson, Pawson, Peacock, Penn,
Phaal, Plant, Potgieter, Pretorius, Prinsloo, Prynne, Randall, Reneke, Revill, Reyneke,
Richardson, Roach, Robinson, Roesch, Roodt, Roos, Rootman, Rossouw, Rousseau, Roux, Rowe,
Ryce, Saaiman, Schaiowitz, Schapow, Schoeman, Seyffert, Shapcote, Sharpley, Shaw, Shearer,
Simpson, Smit, Smith, Smook, Snyders, Solomon, Staddon, Stapelberg, Starfield, Starr,
Steel, Steinberg, Sterley, Stevn, Stewart, Steyn, Stiles, Stopforth, Storm, Strauss,
Strydom, Surname, Swan, Swanepoel, Swart, Taylor, Teichert, Templeman, Terblanche, Tolmay,
Usher, Van Der Heever, Van Der Linde, Van Der Lith, Van Der Merwe, Van Der Schyff, Van Der
Walt, Van Der Watt, Van Der Westhuizen, Van Deventer, Van Gruene, Van Heerden, Van
Lelyveld, Van Logenberg, Van Loggenberg, Van Niekerk, Van Nispen, Van Rensburg, Van
Rooyen, Van Schalkwyk, Van Sittert, Van Staden, Van Vuuren, Van Wyk, Van Zyl, Vardy,
Venter, Vercueil, Vermeulen, Vice, Viljoen, Visagie, Visser, Viviers, Vorster, Vos,
Vosloo, Wallace, Want, Warmenhoven, Wilken, Wilkens, Willcocks, Williams, Willis, Wilsen,
Wilson, Woite, Wolfaardt, Wolmarans, Wrightson, Zaayman, Zwarts,
Search this unusual 1927 Willowmore Voters List. Over 3000 individuals listed in this farming community. Details provided are: surname, first names, title, residence, occupation, qualification to vote, employment status, employer details, race destinction, polling district and division.
The town was established in 1862. According to some, it was named after William Moore, who occupied the farm The Willows on which the town was laid out. Another source states that it was established and named by a farmer, Lehmkuhl, who combined his wife’s maiden name, Petronella Catharina Moore, with a large willow tree that stood near his house.
Below is a list of surnames to be found in this voters list.
Abrahams, Ackerman, Ackermann, Adams, Africa, Ahrens, Albert, Albrish, Allers, Altenstead, Anthony, Ash, Aspeling, Assia, Avontuur, Badenhorst, Baldie, Barkhuizen, Barkhuysen, Barnard, Barnardt, Barnett, Barry, Bashford, Basson, Beaton, Becker, Beer, Bekker, Beling, Bellardie, Bellingham, Benecke, Beneke, Bergh, Berman, Bernhardt, Berrington, Bester, Bezuidenhout, Blake, Blignaut, Bosch, Boshoff, Bosman, Botes, Botha, Bothma, Bouwer, Bowers, Brauns, Brewis, Breytenbach, Brits, Britz, Brooker, Bruce, Bruinette, Brunette, Brunsdon, Bruwer, Buckley, Burchell, Burger, Burgher, Burton, Buys, Büchner, Cairncross, Caithness, Campbell, Campher, Carelse, Catton, Cawood, Cecil, Cellarius, Chambers, Chatwind, Cilliers, Claasen, Claassen, Clarke, Classen, Coblentz, Codner, Coen, Coertze, Coetzee, Coetzer, Cohen, Colborne, Coleman, Coleske, Combrinck, Cooper, Cormack, Cornelius, Cowley, Cronin, Crouse, Crumpton, Dall, Danhauser, Davel, De Beer, De Bruin, De Goede, de Jager, De Klerk, De la Harpe, De Lange, De Leeuw, De Swardt, De Villiers, De Vos, de Vries, De Waal, De Wet, Delport, Devine, Deyce, Deysel, Deyzel, Dickson, Didericks, Didloff, Diedericks, Dill, Dithmers-Hughes, Dixon, Dorfling, Doubell, Douglas, Draai, du Pisani, Du Pisanie, Du Plessis, Du Plooy, Du Preez, Du Toit, Dumon, Dumons, Dumont, Eales, Eathoo, Eaton, Ecker, Ellis, Els, Engelbrecht, Ensor, Erasmus, Esterhuizen, Eyre, Ezekowitz, Featherstone, Ferendal, Ferreira, Finn, Fisher, Fitch, Fivaz, Fortuin, Fouche, Fourie, Frank, Fraser, Freedman, Friend, Friends, Gavin, Geard, Geldenhuis, Geldenhuys, Gellman, George, Gerber, Gerdener, Gericke, Gibbs, Gillespie, Glago, Goedhals, Golden, Goldman, Goss, Gough, Gous, Gouws, Greef, Greeff, Green, Greenwood, Groenewald, Grootboom, Grundlingh, Haarhoff, Haggard, Hall, Hanekom, Hartman, Hashe, Havenga, Hayes, Hayward, Heese, Helm, Hemens, Hendriks, Henshilwood, Henstock, Herbel, Herbst, Herselman, Heunis, Heyns, Hicken, Hinds, Hitge, Hobson, Honey, Honiball, Hooper, Horn, Horowitz, Horscroft, Horwitz, Hough, Human, Jacobs, Jamneck, Janse Van Rensburg, Jansen, Jansen Van Rensburg, Jens, Johnston, Jonck, Jonker, Jordan, Joseph, Joubert, Judelman, Kamfer, Kaplan, Karelse, Keller, Kemp, Kempen, Kerspey, Keulder, Keyser, Keyter, Kilian, Killian, King, Kirchner, Kirkman, Kirsten, Kiviet, Kleinhans, Kleu, Klewansky, Kleyn, Klopper, Klue, Kluyt, Kluyts, Knight, Knoesan, Knoesen, Koch, Koekemoer, Koen, Koertze, Komo, Komoetie, Korkee, Korkie, Korsten, Krause, Krige, Kritzinger, Krugel, Kruger, Kuhn, Kunneke, Laas, Lamb, Lamini, Lamprecht, Landman, Lane, Lategan, Lazarowitz, Le Grange, Le Roux, Lee, Leiserowitz, Lemmer, Lendoor, Lewis, Lewis-Haslemere, Linde, Lloyd, Loggenberg, Lombard, Loock, Lotter, Lourens, Louw, Lovegrove, Lowensohn, Loynes, Lucas, Ludik, Luiters, Lyons, Maart, Macdonald, Maclachlan, Maclean, Madlakana, Magawn, Magerman, Malherbe, Marais, Marcowitz, Maree, Marincowitz, Markotter, Marthinsen, Marx, Masiza, Massyn, McClune, McKay, McLeod, Mcloughlin, Meintjies, Meyer, Middleton, Miller, Mills, Minnie, Minty, Moggee, Monk, Moorcroft, Moore, Morgan, Morris, Mostert, Muller, Munro, Murray, Musikanth, Myburgh, Myles, Mynhardt, Naude, Nel, Nicol, Nkomo, Nobatana, Noeka, Noll, Nomdo, Nortier, Nortje, Nortjie, O’Donoghue, Oelofsen, Olckers, Olivier, Olls, Oosthuizen, Oosthuysen, Orton, Otto, Palmer, Park, Patel, Pedro, Perry, Petersen, Pettit, Pfister, Pickard, Piek, Pienaar, Pietersen, Pitout, Plaatjes, Potgieter, Pottas, Pretorius, Prins, Prinsloo, Proskewitz, Rabie, Rademeyer, Randell, Rankie, Rathbone, Raubenheimer, Rautenbach, Redelinghuis, Reitmuller, Renison, Rensburg, Reynecke, Reynolds, Rheeder, Rich, Richardson, Ring, Roberts, Roelofse, Roll, Rollison, Roman, Roscoe, Rossouw, Rothner, Roux, Rubidge, Rudman, Runeveld, Ryan, Saaiman, Samworth, Sayewitz, Schaap, Scheepers, Scheltema, Schiltz, Schoeman, Scholtz, Schonees, Schonken, Schoonees, Schoonraad, Schoultz, Schreiber, Schreuder, Schuin, Schutte, Scott, Senekal, September, Serfontein, Shand, Shapiro, Sharp, Shear, Sieff, Siew, Silver, Skorbinski, Slabbert, Slater, Slier, Smith, Smuts, Snyman, Socishe, Solomon, Speelman, Spies, Stander, Steffens, Stegmann, Stenhouse, Stevens, Stewart, Steyl, Steyn, Steynberg, Stidolph, Stokes, Stols, Stoltz, Stone, Strimling, Stroebel, Strumpher, Strydom, Studer, Stuurman, Swanepoel, Swart, Swarts, Swemmer, Tait, Targowsky, Taute, Taylder, Terblanche, Terblans, Theophilus, Theron, Thom, Thompson, Thomson, Thurtell, Thyse, Thysse, Tintinger, Tipper, Tiran, Topic, Toua, Trytsman, Tuck, Turck, Turner, Twaku, Valtijn, Van Aarde, Van Alphen, Van Blerk, Van Breda, Van Deempter, Van Deemter, Van der Berg, Van der Bijl, Van der Byl, Van der Hoven, van der Merwe, van der Mescht, Van der Ryst, Van der Spuy, Van der Walt, Van der Watt, van der Westhiusen, van der Westhuisen, Van der Westhuizen, Van Dyk, van Eck, Van Eyssen, Van Graan, Van Heerden, Van Huyssteen, van Jaarsveld, van Jaarsveldt, Van Loggerenberg, Van Molendorf, van Niekerk, van Rensburg, Van Rhyn, van Rooyen, Van Schalkwyk, Van Soelen, van Staden, Van Tonder, van Vuuren, Van Wijk, Van Wyk, van Zyl, Veldtman, Venter, Verasammy, Vermaak, Verwey, Viljoe, Viljoen, Visser, Vister, Vlok, Vogel, Volschenk, Vos, Vosloo, Vrey, Wabana, Wagenaar, Wagener, Wagner, Walsh, Walton, Wamsteker, Wannenberg, Ward, Warraker, Wasserman, Webster, Wehmeyer, Weinstein, Welch, Welgemoed, Welman, West, Wevers, Weyers, White, Wickham, Wiggett, Wildeman, Wilken, Willemse, Williams, Wilmot, Wilson, Windvogel, Witbooi, Woudberg, Wright, Yake, Young, Zaaiman, Zaayman, Zondag, Zondagh,
We have added 2,624 new names from the 1833 Cape Almanac to our database. Find out who was a wigmaker, a mangler, a wagon hirer or even a pickler! A list of principal inhabitants of Cape Town. This database includes: Title, Surname, First Names or Initials, occupation and address.
Is your surname listed in this over 1400 variety of names?
Abdol, Abdolbachie, Abdolbasier, Abdoldrachmer, Abdolgaries, Abdoljakie, Abdolkiep, Abdolmalek, Abdolmansuer, Abdolsamar, Abdolsoeker, Abdolsubboer, Abdolsummat, Abdolwakil, Abdolwashet, Abraham, Abrahams, Abrahamse, Ackerman, Ada, Adams, Adamse, Adamson, Adriaanse, Adrian, Adrianse, Agom, Aitchinson, Albertus, Albertyn, Aldred, Alexander, Aling, Alldridge, Alleman, Allen, America, Amm, Amos, Anderson, Andreas, Andresa, Anhuizer, Anosi, Ansdell, Anthon, Anthony, Antje, Appel, April, Arendsz, Armstrong, Arnold, Arrowsmith, Aschen, Ashley, Aspeling, Attwell, Auret, Aurnhamer, Baard, Badroon, Bailey, Baker, Baks, Balston, Bam, Bamberger, Bance, Bantham, Barber, Barbier, Barend, Barendz, Barker, Barks, Baron, Barris, Barry, Bartels, Bartholomew, Bartie , Bartman, Bathie, Batist, Batt, Beaufort, Beck, Becker, Beeker, Begley, Behr, Beil, Bell, Belta, Ben, Bendall, Benecke, Benoy, Bergh, Bergstedt, Bernhardi, Berning, Berrange, Bestandig, Betje, Better, Beuchling, Beyleveld, Bickersteth, Biel, Billingsley, Birch, Bird, Black, Blair, Blake, Blanckenberg, Blarence, Bletterman, Blignaut, Bloem, Blore, Boltman, Boniface, Booysen, Borcherds, Boreherds, Borgstrom, Borgwetel, Borradailes, Bosch, Bosman, Boss, Bosse, Bosselman, Bossman, Botha, Bottrill, Boucher, Bowles, Boys, Brady, Brand, Brandman, Brandt, Brasler, Brath, Bray, Breedevelt, Breeze, Bren, Bresler, Brett, Breugeman, Brevers, Bridekirk, Briers, Brill, Brink, Brink , Bron, Broodrick, Brook, Bropie, Brown, Bruary, Brumfield, Brunet, Brusman, Bruyns, Bryant, Buchanan, Buck, Buckley, Buckton, Budge, Buissinne, Buitendag, Burgess, Burton, Butgut, Buyskes, Byrne, Bösenberg, Cadogan, Caesar, Cairncross, Caldecott, Calf, Callander, Cambier, Cameron, Camyn, Candasa, Cannon, Cannon , Canterbury, Capon, Carfrae, Carnell, Carolus, Carsten, Carstens, Carter, Cassel, Castien, Caton, Catorzia, Cats, Catz, Cauvin, Celliers, Cerf, Cessar, Chandler, Chapman, Chapple , Chase, Chiappini, Chisolm, Christiaan, Christiaansen, Christian, Christie, Christina, Church, Claasen, Clarence, Claresse, Clark, Clarke, Clayton, Cleenwerk, Clement, Cloete, Cloete , Cobern, Coenraadie, Coensen, Coetze, Coffin, Coleman, Colident, Collard, Collins, Collison, Comarmond, Combrink, Comfield, Compton, Connor, Constable, Cook, Cooke, Cooper, Coops, Corbitt, Corder, Corless, Cornelissen, Cornellis, Correll, Courlois, Courtney, Cousins, Cowell, Craaywinkel, Creed, Criese, Croeser, Cromhout, Croucher, Crozier, Cruywagen, Cullen, Curlewis, Dacosta, Damedor, Damense, Dames, Damon, Daneel, Danford, Daniel, Daniels , Danielse, Dantu , David, Davids, Davidse , Davis, Dawell , Day , de Beer, de Geest, de Greef, de Haan, de Jongh, de Kock, de Kock , de Korte, De la Hunt, de Lettre, de Lima, de Lorentz , De Moldrup, de Ronde, de Roos, de Roubaix, De Ruiter, de Smidt, De Smidt , de Ville, de Villiers, de Villiers , de Vos, de Vos , de Vries, De Vrye, de Waal, de Waal , de Wed , De Wet, De Wet , de Wit, de Wit , Deane , Dedear , Dekenah, Delhant , Delorme , Demfords , Demolen , Dempers, Denessau, Deneys, Deneys , Denison, der Goede, Dert , Destro , Desvages , Dickinson, Dickson, Dickson , Diddleston , Dieleman , Dievendal , Dill, Dillman , Dinness, Disandt , Dixie , Dixon , Dobie ,
Dodd, Dolley, Donough , Doortje, Dormehl , Doyle, Drake, Dray , Drege , Dreyer, Dreyer , Drury, du Plessie, Du Plessis, Du Toit, Dungey, Durham, During, Dusing, Dyason, Dyce, Eagar, Eaton, Ebden, Eckhard, Eckhout, Ecklet, Eckley, Edwards, Eerenberg, Ekermans, Eksteen, Eli, Ellen, Elliott, Elsing, Elsmlie, Elster, Ely, Emmet, Engelbrecht, Enslin, Enstin, Erith, Ernstzen, Eskteen, Esther, Eston, Euvrard, Eva, Everest, Fabe, Fairbairn, Fairbridge, Fairelough, Falkenburg, Faulkner, Faure, Faustman, Fawing, Feitje, Felix, Fell, Ferreira, Fichat, Fick, Fischer, Fison, Fitzpatrick, Flamme, Flandorffer, Fleck, Fletterman, Flint, Fock, Focks, Foelscher, Foes, Foley, Forbes, Ford, Ford , Fortner, Fowler, Fox, Fraenkel, Frances, Frazer, Friesberg, Frieslar, Frieslich, Frith, Frizlar, Frylinck, Gaban , Gabriels, Gadaidine , Gadney, Gamelidien , Garish, Garoutte, Garratt, Gaum, Gay, Geduld, Geering, Gehazi , Genade, Genau, George, Georgeon, Gerber, Gerdain, Gerkes, Germans, Gertenbach, Getsen, Geyer, Ghertse , Gibherd , Gideon , Gie , Gildenhuis, Gildenhuizen , Gildenzaph, Gilloway, Gilloway , Gilmer , Gilwyn , Gingham , Godfred , Goemoes , Goetz, Golding , Goodrich, Goodwin, Gopel, Goschen, Goslett , Goss , Gough, Gouland, Graves, Gray, Grebe , Gregan , Gregory , Greig , Griffiths ,
Grimers, Grimes , Grindley, Groenewald, Groenwald , Grondlier , Grosch , Grove, Groves , Grybe, Guest, Gun , Gunn, Hablutzel , Hall, Hallier , Halwayday , Hamman, Hammans , Hammes, Hammes , Hanbury, Hancke, Hancke , Hannam, Hannas, Hansen, Hansen , Hanslo , Hardie , Hare, Harley ,Harms, Harper, Harris, Harris , Hart , Hartel, Hartman, Hartog, Hartslief , Haslam, Haubtfleisch, Haupt, Havery, Hawkins, Hawkins , Haylet , Haylett, Haynes , Hayward , Heatlie, Heckrath , Heckroodt, Heeger, Heegers, Heideman, Heinenberg, Heinrich, Heintjes, Heldzyngen, Hellett, Helston, Helstrom, Henan, Henderson, Hendricksen, Hendrikse, Hendriksen, Henly,Herbert , Herbold, Herbst, Herholdt, Herman, Herold, Herrer, Herring, Hertzog, Herwig, Hes,
Hess, Hesselmeyer, Heugh, Heuning, Heurtley, Heuser, Hewitt, Heydenrych, Heydenryk, Heyer, Heyneke, Heyneman, Heyns, Heyward, Hiddingh, Hiebner, Higgins, Himel, Hind, Hirchenheim, Hitchcock, Hitzeroth, Hobley, Hoek, Hoets, Hoffman, Hoffmeyr, Hofmeyr, Hogsflesh, Hohne, Hollen, Holloway, Holm, Holtman, Home, Hopkins, Horak, Horn, Horn , Horne, Hough, Hovil, Hudd, Hudson, Hughes, Hugo, Humphreys, Hunt, Hunter, Hurlingh, Hurter, Huskisson, Hutchons , Hutton, Immelman, Ingles, Inglesby, Ingram, Ingram , Innes, Isaac, Isaak, Isaakse, Isles, Israel, Itzemplitz, Jackson, Jacobs, Jacobse, Jacobsz, Jameila, Jamies, Janaldine, Janetjie, Janio, Jansen, Janson, Jansten, Jantzee, Japie, Jardine, Jarvis, Jeary, Jensen, Jeptha, Jeptha , Jessup, John, Johnson, Jonas, Jones, Jones , Jones , Jonker, Jordaan, Josie, Josse, Joubert,
Judge, Junera, Jurgens, Juritz, Jury, Kanneymeyr, Karl, Karstel, Kay, Kealams, Keet, Keeve, Keiser, Kekewich, Kelber, Kelderman, Kelly, Kemp, Kennedy, Kerdel , Kerkes, Kerning, Ketter, Keuber, Keuler, Kiener, Kift, Kilgour, Killian, Kincaid, King, Kinnburg, Kintzle, Kippey,Kirsten, Klasing, Klerck, Kleyn, Klinck, Kloppers, Klyn, Klynsmit, Knaut, Knoble, Knoll, Knoop,Knott, Knox, Knype, Koch, Kock, Koetze, Koetzer, Koevoet, Kohl, Kohler, Kolbe, Kolber, Koning,Korsten, Korster, Kotze, Kraanstein, Kraayveld, Kraft, Kriel, Krige, Krimmel, Krynaauw, Kuuhl, Kuys, Laageraadts, Laangenaught, Laar, Lacable, Laidlaw, Laing, Lakock, Lamb, Lambert,
Lamberts, Lambrechts, Lambress, Landsberg, Langeveld, Lary, Lategan, Laubscher, Laurence, Lawson, Lawton, Le Breton, Le Breton , Le Bron, Le Brun, Le Clues, Le Roes, Le Roux, Le Sueur ,Lea, Leatt, Lee , Leeb , Leen, Leentje, Leep, Leeuwendaal, Leeuwendal, Leeuwner, Lehman, Leibbrandt, Leonard, Leriche, Lesar, Less, Letterstedt, Levick, Lewee, Ley, Lichtwark, Liebbrandt, Liesching, Liesmont, Lieven, Lillis, Linage, Lind, Lindebaum, Lindeman, Lindenberg, Lingeveld, Lingevelder, Lining, Lisenburg, Lochner, Locke, Lodewyk, Loedolff, Logie, Logier, Lombard, Lond, Londt, Long, Loos, Losco, Lotter, Lotz, Louis, Louisa, Lourens, Louw, Lowrie, Lowry, Luchthoff, Lukas, Luttig, Luyt, Maaneveld, Maas, Maasdorp, Mabille,
Macarthy, MacGregor, Mackenzie, Mackrill, Madeleen , Mader, Magistraat, Malan, Maletto, Mallett, Manche, Manuel, Mappe, Marais, Marchand, Marcous, Marcus, Maria, Marlow, Marnitz, Marquard, Marrant, Marrison, Marsh, Marshall, Martin, Martinas, Martinson, Maskew, Mathysen, Matthews, Matthiessen, Matthysen, Maude, Maynard, McCLeod, McComb, McDonald, McDougal, MCFarlan, McKinnon, McLachlan, Meall, Mechau, Meeser, Meiring, Mellet, Mellings, Mellish, Mende, Mentor, Menzies, Merrington, Mertens, Metz, Metzeler, Meyer, Michell , Middlekop, Middleton, Miller, Mills, Minnaar, Mitchell, Mocke, Mohr, Mol, Molesworth, Moller, Moltby, Momsen, Monk, Moore, Morell, Morgan, Morgendaal, Morison, Mory, Moses, Mosterd, Mostert,
Mulder, Muller, Mulles, Munnik, Muntingh, Murphy, Murray, Mustapha, Muter, Myburg, Myburgh, Nauhoff, Neave, Nee er, Neederland, Neethling, Nelson, Neyhof, Nibs, Nicholl, Niehaus, Niewoudt, Nisbet, Noble, Nolden, Norman, Nyhoff, Nymans, O’Flinn, O’Lachlan, O’Neil, Ockert, Oestheyden, Okes, Oldham, Oliphant, Oliver, Olthoff, Onverwacht, Oostendurp, Oppel, Oprimo, Ord, Orlandine, Orri, Osler, Osmond, Ost, Overbeek, Paine, Pallass, Pannerwit, Papow, Pappe, Parker, Pears, Peebles , Pentz, Pero, Perryn, Peters, Petersen, Peterson, Petrie, Pettison, Pfester, Phanp, Pheasant, Pheifer, Phelps , Phider, Philip, Phillips, Pietersen, Pillans, Piton, Plessie, Plessie , Plouvier, Plouvier , Poel, Poelse , Polena, Poolman, Poop, Poph, Poulteney, Poupart, Powell, Powell , Powells, Powelse, Powrie, Pozende, Pozin, Preller, Prestwich, Price, Prichard, Prince, Prins, Prubart, Pruce , Puckey, Purvis, Quin, Rabe, Railston, Randall, Raphael, Ras, Rauch, Raven, Redelinghuys, Redwood, Reenen Van, Reeves, Regeel, Regen, Regnar, Reid, Reid , Reis, Rekeba, Rens, Retief, Richert, Richter, Rimrod, Rippel, Rishton, Roberts, Robertson, Robinson, Rode, Roelandt, Roesch, Rogerson, Ronquest, Roodt, Roos, Rorich, Rosa, Rose, Roselt, Roset, Ross, Rossouw, Roubaix, Rousseau, Roux, Rowan, Rowles, Rusch, Russel, Russouw, Rutgers, Rutherfoord, Ruthven, Ruysch, Rykheer, Rynbach,
Rynhard, Rynhout, Rynke, Saartjie , Saban , Sacreas, Sala, Salomonsen, Samaay, Sampsodien , Sandenberg, Sandford, Saunders, Savaars, Savary, Sayus, Scevers, Schaal, Schabord, Schaeble,
Schalkwyk, Schelden, Schelder, Schenk, Scheuble, Schickerling, Schier, Schikkerling, Schindehutte, Schirmer, Schmidt, Schoester, Scholtz, Schonegevel, Schonnberg, Schoonraad, Schoukerk, Schrikker, Schultz, Schutte, Schweil, Scoon, Scott, Searle, Seller, Semorie , Senkantyn, Serrurier, Sertyn, Seyffert, Shaw, Shearer, Shelly , Sherman, Shortman, Sibbald, Siebert, Siedeman, Silberbauer, Simons, Simpson, Sims, Sinclair, Slater , Sloman, Smart, Smidt, Smidtsdorff, Smit, Smith, Smuts, Snell, Soestman, Solomon, Sommer, Sommervaile, Sosang , Spadille , Spangenberg, Spatie , Spencer, Spengler, Spiers, Spies, Spoer, Spolander, Spratt, Sprew, Spykerman, Stadler, Stanfield, Stark, Starling, Staudt, Staveren van Kloek, Steedman, Steel, Steenhobel, Steffens, Stegman, Stein, Stemmet, Stenhouse, Stephen, Steuart, Steyn, Steytler, Stidworthy, Stigant, Stiglingh, Still, Stober, Stodart, Stoeffers, Stoel, Stoll, Stoll , Stone , Strachan, Strachan , Stronach , Stronch, Stuckeris , Sturgis, Sturk , Stædel, Sullivan , Sutherland , Swanepoel, Swartz , Swaving , Sweetman, Sweney , Syme , Tait , Tardien, Tayer, Tayse, Tennam , Tennant, Tennant , Tennant & Co, Terholm , Terhoven , Tesselaar ,Teubes, Teunant , Thalwitzer , Theas , Theron , Theunes , Thibault , Thomas , Thomassen ,Thompson, Thompson , Thomson, Thomson , Thorp , Thwaites , Thys , Ticky , Tier , Timmerman ,Tonkin , Tourin , Townsend , Tredeaux , Tredgold , Treuman, Tromp , Truter, Truter , Turner, Twentyman, Twycross, Udemans, Ufken, Ulrich, Ungerer, Uri, Usher, Valentin, Valentyn, Van Balen, van Bergen, van Blerck, van Blerk, van Blommestein, Van Boon, van Breda, van Breda , van Coller, van Copenhagen, van de Kaap, van den Berg, van den Burg, van der Bihl, van der Byl, Van der Chys , van der Haardie, Van der Horst, van der Kemp, Van der Lingen, Van der Poel, van der Poel , Van der Reder, Van der Riet, Van der Schyff, van der Spuy, van der Spuy , Van Derendome , Van Dillen , Van Driel , Van Dyk, Van Ellewe, Van Eyk , Van Eysen, Van Eyssen , van Geems, van Graan , van Haght, van Hall, Van Hellings, Van Helsdingen, Van Hou, Van Lier, van Nieker, Van Niekerk, Van Nierop, Van Reenan , Van Reenen, Van Regen , Van Ryneveld, Van Rynier, Van Schalkwyk, van Schoor, Van Winkle, Van Wyngard, Vascher, Vawser, Veean, Venables, Vendues, Venning, Ventura , Vergo, Vergottini, Verioni, Vermaak, Versveld, Vervoort, Vetter, Victor, Villet, Villiers, Vippond, Virgo, Vissagie, Visscher, Visser, Vlotman, Vogelgezang, Voges , Voget, Voight, Volkwyn, Volraad , Volstedt, Volsteedt, Von Ludwig , Von Manager , Vos, Vos , Vracher, Vries , Vurman, Waall, Waasman, Wade, Wagenhorst, Wagner, Wahl, Waldek, Wall, Walpot, Walter, Wannenberg, Wanza, Ward, Warren, Warrington, Wasserfall, Watering, Waterman, Watermeyer, Waters, Wathen, Watney, Watson, Watt, Webb, Webber, Weber, Webster, Weed, Weepner, Weidemeyer, Weis, Weldeman, Welkom, Welsh, Wenham, Wentzel, Wernich, Wernsdorff, Westcott, Whiley, Whiskin , Whitcomb, White, Whitfield, Wicht, Wickboom, Wicksteed, Widemeyer, Wiedeman, Wieldhagen, Wiergo, Wiid, Wildt, Wilhelm, Wilkinson, Will, Willem, Willenburg, Williams, Willmott, Wilsenach, Wilsnach, Wilsnacht, Windle, Winterbach, Wium, Woeke, Wolfaard, Wolferum, Wolff, Wolhuter, Wollaston, Wolverans, Woodlock, Woodman, Wools, Woudberg, Woutersen, Wrankmore, Wrensch, Wright, Wydeman, Wykherd, Wylde, Wyman, Wyngard, Wyngardtz, Wys, Younger, Ysman, Zastron, Zeeberg, Zeederberg, Zeeman, Zeyltz, Zezars, Ziedel, Ziedeman, Zieler, Zinn, Zorn, Zulch
In 1918, Die Boerevrou, the first Afrikaans magazine for women, appeared in Pretoria. This illustrated monthly magazine for women was the first published magazine in Afrikaans. Die Boerevrouw (its title until June 1920) was the first women’s magazine in Afrikaans and appeared in Pretoria from March 1919 under the editorship of the owner, Mrs. Mabel Malherbe (nee Rex), whose assistant editor from an early date was Mrs. M. E. Rothmann (M.E.R.), who published her first short stories in it.
The magazine met with public approval almost from its inception, since it was the only Afrikaans magazine entirely for women; it also dealt with national affairs, with special emphasis on matters affecting Afrikaner women, their own past and their people; it aimed to include women as an essential factor in sound national development. Prominent writers like Eugene Marais, F. W. Reitz, G. R. von Wielligh, Jan Celliers, A. G. Visser, F. van den Heever (‘Toon’) and C. M. van den Heever, and artists like Anton van Wouw, Pierneef and Erich Mayer willingly contributed. Of special value were contributions sent in by the readers themselves, once confidence had been established in the editorial leadership.
These were contributed to a column ’round the coffee-table’ which would formerly have been regarded as of purely personal significance, but had a historical interest, for they cast a clear and intimate light upon the development and characteristics of the Afrikaner people, especially since the days of the Great Trek. To delve into the old volumes of the Die Boerevrou is to reveal valuable Africana. Mrs. Malherbe hoped that sufficient advertisements of reliable goods would be forthcoming to cover expenses. Perhaps her estimate was too high and, moreover, she turned down all advertisements of liquor and patent medicines.
The deficits, which for years had been borne by her husband, the attorney Kenne Malherbe, eventually became so great that she had to give up the struggle, and in 1931 the magazine ceased publication.
Two fine anthologies were compiled by Mrs. Malherbe from the contents: Die Boerevrou-boek (1950) and Juwele wat steeds bekoor (1951).
This coffee table magazine offered a number of regular features such as:
Sewing and Knitting patterns
Jong Suid-Afrika – family photo’s sent in by the public
8 lb. vet, 1 lb. seepsoda, 1 3/4 bottel water. Dit kan enige vet of botter wees; natuurlik moet dit uitgebraaide vet wees. 1/2 varkvet, 1/2 skaap of beestevet maak die mooiste seep, ofskoon die hoeveelheid van die ander net so goed is. Harde vet, al is dit baie donker en vuil, kers afdrupsels of enige uitgebraaide vet, sal vir koue seep ewe goed wees, al sal dit nie juis so mooi wees nie. Los op die soda in die water. Smelt die vet oor ‘n vuur. Laat so bietjie afkoel. Intussen voer ‘n kassie uit met ‘n natte doek. Probeer dat die soda en die vet so na as moontlik dieselfde warmte het. Roer nou bymekaar, hou aan totdat dit so dik as gesuikerde heuning lyk.
Gooi uit in die kassie, vou die buitenste stukke van die doek oor die seep. Sit dan ‘n ou sak oor, en laat oornag staan. Sny die volgende oggend uit. Laat in die son of in ‘n trekkerige plek droog word, as dit gou nodig is. Die kassie wat in die vorm gebruik word, kan goed diep wees. Dit kan dan in stene op die volgende manier gesny word. Sny die stuk deur van bo af in stene, sny dan weer deur op die dikte van die steen; 2 of 3 stene kan so opmekaar gevorm word. Dan het dit nie so ‘n groot kassie nodig nie.
Deurskynend koue seep
7 lb. vet, 1 lb. soda, en 1 bot. water. Maak die soda die vorige aand aan. Maak goed warm toe. Volgende oggend smelt die vet af en koel of; roer dan by die soda, en roer vir ‘n uur. Voeg dan by een lepel terpentyn en ‘n half koppie parafien. Roer goed deur. Gooi uit in ‘n kassie (uitgevoer met ‘n nat lap). Bedek baie goed met ou sakke of komberse; laat dit so langs die stoof staan op ‘n louwarm plek vir 4 of 5 weke. Dit sal dan mooi deurskynend wees. Die soda moet in ‘n geëmailleerde emmer of skottel aangemaak word. Die seep moet die volgende dag na dit aangemaak is uitgesny word en teruggesit in die kassie, en goed toegemaak word vir 4 of 5 weke.
Skuurseep (Monkey Soap)
7 lb. vet, 1 lb. seep-soda, 1 bot. water, 1/2 slypsteen (‘bathbrick’) fyn gepoeier, dan deur ‘n kamerdoek gesif, of ‘n fyn siffie (dit moet baie fyn wees anders krap dit strepe) en 2 lepels ‘whiting’. Los die soda op in die bottel water, smelt dan die vet, laat afkoel; probeer om die warmte van die vet en soda so eenders moontlik te kry. Roer bymekaar. Voer ‘n kassie uit met ‘n nat lap. Nes die seep al mooi dik is, amper klaar, moet dit soos ‘n dik pap wees. Roer nou die fyngesifte slypsteen by en die ‘Whiting’; roer goed; gooi in die gevoerde kissie; dit moet goed dik wees voor dit in die vorm gegooi word, anders sak die slypsteen af. Sny dit in mooi klein handige steentjies die volgende dag. Dis net so goed as die gekoopte.
Een van Mevr. van Tulleken se resepte vir:
7 lb. vet, 14 lb. aartappels, 2 1/2 lb. seepsoda, 3 bottels water. Kook die aartappels met hul skil, trek dan die skille af, maal deur die vleesmeule. Weeg af, smelt die vet, roer die aartappels by tot dit ‘n gladde mengsel is. Meng die soda met ‘n 1/2 bottel water, meet die ander 1 1/2 bottel water en sit by der hand neer. Roer nou by die soda, maar haal eers die pot van die vuur; roer 5 min. gooi dan die helfte van die afgemete water by, roer 10 min, nou die res van die water, roer weer 10 min. gooi dan in kassie met ‘n nat lap gevoer. Laat drie dae.staan voor dit uit te sny; maak mooi droog op ‘n trekkerige plek of in die son (die seep moet die drie dae goed toegemaak word voor dit uitgesny word.)
Neem dikmelk, sit dit op die vuur in ‘n parafienblik. Laat nou amper kook tot dit so’n mooi stywe dik aanmekaar stuk maak; dit moet nie baie taai wees nie. Gooi nou in iets waar die water goed van die melk kan afloop (‘n ander bilk met gaatjies – klein – is goed). Werk mooi saggies met die melk, anders gaan te veel verlore. As dit nou mooi droog afgeloop is, vryf dit dan so fyn as moontlik met die hande. Smelt 2 lb. vet en neem 10 lb. van die fyngevryfde melk. Voeg dit daarby, roer goed deur, neem weg van die vuur; roer by 1 lb. soda opgelos met ‘n bottel water; voeg by en roer vir ‘n uur. Gooi in ‘n kassie gevoer met ‘n doek. Laat drie dae staan en sny dan uit. Droog die stene mooi uit. Dit is goeie seep en skuim baie mooi.
(Al die seepresepte kom in Mevr. Tulleken se boek voor. Daar het pas ‘n 5de (vergrote) uitgawe van die nuttige boek verskyn – dit is werklik ‘n onmisbare besitting vir elke Afrikaanse huisvrou)
Verlede maand het ons in die Ruilkolom vertel hoe iemand wat moeite wil doen om die boeke te verkoop een vir haar beloning sal kry. Of anders kos een 11/-pos vry – bestel van Mevr. van Tulleken, P.K. Holmdene
Hoofstuk 1 (Deur Else Louwrens)
Wie sê die lewe in ‘n mierkat-dorpie is saai en eentonig? Moenie glo nie. Kyk, die son loer net effentjies oor die ver blou rante, maar dis genoeg om vir Swartjie en Spitsbek en Jan Hoepelbeen en Takhaartjie en Nooientjie en nog dertig of veertig ander mierkatte uit hul huisies daar in die bult te lok.
Hier is hul. Een, twee, drie, sit hul penorent soos kerse op hul agterpote. Vinnig draai die koppies heen en weer, agtertoe, vorentoe, alkant-toe. Die lewe is nou eenmaal te interessant. Dit sou al te jammer wees om iets daarvan te mis.
“Swartjie, het jy gehoor?”
“Ja, wat gehoor? Jy weet mos altyd meer as ‘n ander, of jy dink jy weet meer,” en Spitsbek werp hom ‘n venynige bilk toe.
“Die Kriebos meerkatte daaronder in die laagte noem ons dorp mos “Lawaaimakersfort.”
“Begryp jou, Lawaaimakersfort. Hul is net jaloers op ons deftige naam, ‘Rus en Vrede’; hul, wat vir hul ou dorpie nie eens ‘n naam het nie. Papbroekvlakte sou net ‘n goeie naam vir hul wees. Pieperig en afgemaer en papbroekery, dis wat hul is. En wie weet iets van hul afkoms, hul famielies?”
“Ja wie? Ons, Besems, – ons weet! Nie verniet heet ons die Besemstam nie. ‘n Stert soos ‘n besem, elkeen van ons. Kyk vir ou Grootjie. Ses mierkatgeslagte is aan haar te danke, en elkeen van hul, man, vrou, of kind, ‘n opregte Besem, mooi, rats, sterk…”
“En ‘n stert,” en hier waai Spitsbek statig sy rnooi harige stert op en neer – “‘n stert soos ‘n … nou ja, jul weet mos. Jul’s mos ook Besems.’
“Ja, Boetie, ‘n goeie ou stam. Dis die grondige waarheid, al moet ek dit self sê, ek wat Swartjie is. Maar wag, ek moet loop. Tryntjie roep al na my,” en Swartjie maak dat hy wegkom.
“Jy weet dis brekfistyd, man, en jy sit maar en bak in die son, – bak en skinner. Julie mans is almal eners. Kom, die kinders vra kos. Laat ons loop,” en Tryntjie kruip deur die gareboom-laning, gevolg deur haar man en tweeling seuntjies.
Dit word al lewendiger in die mierkat-dorpie. Dit loop en spring en gaat te keer. Eindelik is almal die veld in.
Ai, maar dis ‘n lekker lewe: baie pret, baie gevare ook. Maar dit gee juis die prikkel aan die vcrmaaklikheid daarvan.
Nie ver van hier lê die ou boereplaas van Oom Jan v.d. Vyver. Maar Oom Jan laat die mierkat-volkie maar sy gang gaan. Hy hinder hul nie. “Lewe en laat lewe,” was sy leuse.
Maar daar by hom op die plaas het ook ‘n hond gewoon, ‘n nare rooi- en witgevlekte ding wat van mierkatte niks gehou het nie. Snaakse smaak het sommige mense en diere tog. Sy grootste begeerte was om mierkatte te vang. Juis vandag het hy weer een van sy giere. Hier kom hy aan, kruip-kruip, al nader en nader.
Witpootjie is net met sy brekfis besig – ‘n vet ou muis wat hy al lank in die oog gehad het. Voor jy kan sê “mes” is Aasvoël op hom! Maar ek sê vir jou niks – ou Witpootjie glip vlak onder sy neus weg en woerts om die bos. Maar Aasvoël, ook nie links nie, keer hom voor.
“Nou het ek jou, outjie,” en hy blaf van opgewondenheid en blydskap.
Maar moenie glo nie, Witpootjie fop hom weer. En so gaan die jag voort, agter-toe, vorentoe, tot die kat eindelik sy huis haal en woeps! in is hy. Aasvoël krap en blaf en gaan te keer nes ‘n mal ding, maar dis verniet. “Jep, jep,” blaf Witpootjie terug van binne, net om vir Aasvoël uit te koggel. Ja, die ou diertjie is nog astrant ook.
Nee, Aasvoël, ‘n Besem vang jy so maklik nie. Jy dink miskien aan die dag toe jy een aan die been gehad het en jou klaargemaak het vir ‘n smaaklike middagete, nê? Maar in ‘n kits had die outjie weer handuit geruk – en jy, ou, moes leeg-leeg huistoe draf en ou Hoepelbeen was skoonveld. Maar, “Hoepelbeen” was …
Die lesing was verskriklik droog, om die minste daarvan te sê. Die onderwerp was “Die Ontwikkeling van die Mens”, en as ‘n illustrasie wys die geleerde man op die onderskeid tussen die mens en die dier.
“Die mense,” so beduie hy, “maak steeds vordering, terwyl die ander diere bly stilstaan. Neem bv. die esel. Deur al die eeue heen, die hele wêreld deur, bly dit net dieselfde skepsel. Julle het nog nooit, geagte dames en here, julle sal nooit ‘n beter esel sien as wat julle vandag sien nie.”
* * *
Hy: “Vir wat klap jy so? Daardie vrou het akelig gesing.”
Sy : “Ja, ek weet, maar ek is verlief op haar tabberd en ek wil dit graag nog ‘n maal sien.”
* * *
Pa: “Hoe lyk dit, Koos, smaak die medisyne nog so sleg?”
Koos: “Nee, pa, nou gaan dit darem.”
Pa: “Drink jy nog gereeld drie keer op ‘n dag ‘n lepelvol?”
Koos: “Ja, pa, maar my lepel het weggeraak, nou gebruik ek maar ‘n vurk.”
* * *
Tante: “Miena, wie is die luiste in julle klas?”
Miena: “Nee, Tante, ek weet nie.”
Tante: “Wel, dis tog maklik as julle reken wie sit die luiste daarby?”
Miena: “Die juffrou, Tante!”
Nou wil ek ook so’n rukkie met julle saam gesels orn die koffietafel. Ek sien so baie vertel van oumense, nou wil ek ook graag vir julle van my man se Ouma vertel. Sy is, sover ek weet, die oudste oumens in Lydenburg se Distrik, sy is die 12de deser 100 jaar oud, en is nog taamlik sterk vir so ‘n hoë ouderdom. Ouma was ‘n nooie Schoeman en was getroud met Jan Steenkamp. My skoonvader is haar enigste kind. Toe Oupa Steenkamp dood is, is sy weer met Jan Jacobsz getroud, hy is ook al vir jare dood. Ouma bly by my skoonouers. Sy kan nog al die voortrekker-verhale vertel, of dit gister gebeur het, sy was destyds ‘n kind van 11jr jaar.
Maar nou wil ek somar ‘n grappie vertel, wat in die Boere-oorlog plaasgevind het. Ouma had een suster wat baie op haar gelyk het, maar sy was toe deur die Engels eweggevoer. Op ‘n dag kom ouma in ‘n winkel en sien haarself in ‘n groot spieel. Sy dog dis haar suster, sy loop na die spieel en steek haar arms uit, en sê “My liewe ou suster, is jy ook hier?” Dit het glo gedreun in die winkel soos die klerke en mense gelag het. – Mevr. Willem Steenkamp.
* * * * * *
Mej. C. Benade skryf : “Ek sien dat die vrouens en meisies saam gesels oor die armblanke, so wil ek ook baie graag iets daaroor skryf, want as almal dink en saamwerk kan die saak opgelos word.
Ek dink die vrouens en meisies moet werk om Suid-Afrika ‘n droë land te maak soos Amerika, want deur die drank is daar duisende kinders wat armoede en gebrek ly. Die vader werk miskien, en sodra as hy die geld gekry het, gaan dit na die kantien. Die kinders kry geen behoorlik opvoeding nie, en volg naderhand hulle vader se voetstappe. Ek het gehoor hulle sê, solank as hulle onder die in vloed van drank is, voel hulle so gelukkig en ryk. Ek dink al die vrouens en meisies moet saamspan om in die saak te werk. Ek wens die “Boerevroutjie” alle seën toe, en hoop sy sal nog lank lewe. Ons almal geniet haar baie.”
Source: Standard Encylopeadia of South Africa and Die Boerevrou Magazine 1922 November & December, 1925 January, March & June, 1926 April & June, December 1931
The first known Portuguese to settle in South Africa permanently were Ignatio Leopoldo FERREIRA and Manuel João D’OLIVEIRA.
Inacio (Ignatio or Ignatius) Ferreira was a sailor with the British East India Company aboard the Chandos. On its way from Bengal to England during June 1722, the ship hit a storm and was stranded near Table Bay. The Extracts from Précis of the Archives of the Cape of Good Hope (1652-1732) state that on 16 May 1722, six hundred men of the Chandos, Zoetigheid, Lakeman, Nightingale, Addison, Schotse Lorredraayer, Rotterdam and the Standvastigheid drowned in and near Table Bay. Ferreira made it to shore and decided to stay at the Cape. He joined the Dutch East India Company as a soldier. In 1737 became a burger, farming at De Hartebeeste Kuil near Stellenbosch.
Inacio was possibly baptised in November 1695 at the Nossa Senhora da Ajuda church in Lisbon. His parents were Manuel Ferreira and Antonia Francisca da Costa who lived in Alcantara, according to the only baptismal entry that possibly matches. In the opgaafrol J316 of 1752, Ignatio is listed with nine sons and three daughters. In the opgaafrol J317 of 1762 for Swellendam, he is listed with three sons and one daughter. He died on 24 August 1772.
Thomas Ignatius Ferreira settled at Algoa Bay in April 1776 on the farm Papenkuilsfontein (Paapenkuilsfontein), meaning bulrush fountain. Some early maps refer to the nearby river as Ferreira’s River. In March 1799, British troops built a small mud fort, Star Fort, nearby. On 04 December 1782, six sailors from the Grosvenor ship wreck reached Papenkuilsfontein, one being William Hubberly, after walking nearly 500 km in four months. A search party was immediately sent and a further 12 sailors were found. On 10 August 1799 and in September 1802, the Ferreira family was attacked by Xhosas and had to seek refuge at Fort Frederick. The family lived at the farm until 1806 and sold it in January 1812 to Frederick Korsten. When Sir John Francis Cradock visited the farm, Korsten renamed it to Cradock Town, which later became Cradock Place. In the 1850s, Thomas Baines painted a rural scene which depicted a farmhouse with a windmill and a group of picnickers. This was Cradock Place. The once-productive farm with orchards and oak-lined avenues is now a ruin. The old farmstead burnt down in 1909.
Among Ignatio’s many descendants is Ignatius Philip Ferreira, soldier and gold digger, born in Grahamstown in 1840 and died at Kranspoort (Zoutpansberg) in 1921. Ignatius Philip married Baltrina Erasmus on 14 Dec 1862, and after arriving in the Transvaal about 1870, he settled in the Middelburg district, where he was appointed field-cornet for the Olifants River ward in 1875. With the rank of captain of the Middelburg Volunteers he took part in the Sekhukhune War. He offered his services to the British interim government after the 1877 annexation and was commissioned to raise Ferreira’s Horse. He subdued Sekhukhune in Dec. 1878 and earned the C.M.G. and the rank of lieutenant-colonel. In 1879 he took part in the British action against Cetshwayo, and after being promoted to the rank of colonel, took part in the Basuto War of 1880. In 1881, he was placed in command of the Transvaal Mounted Police with the rank of captain but was discharged on 24 May 1882. He sent petitions to the Government at Pretoria on 7 and 26 July 1886, informing it that gold had been discovered in the Klip River ward and requesting that the farms Langlaagte and Turffontein be proclaimed public diggings. He then returned to the Witwatersrand and became the self-appointed leader of Ferreira’s Camp (which later became Ferreirasdorp) at Turffontein and a member of the first and second Diggers’ Committees on the Witwatersrand. The rich Ferreira Mine was named after him. He settled on the farm Kranspoort, west of Louis Trichardt.
Antonia Ferreira was born in Lisbon , Portugal circa 1831. He died in Pietermaritzburg on 29 Nov 1863.
Source: Standard Encyclopaedia of Southern Africa
Boeren Beschermings Vereeniging
(Farmers’ Protection Society)
In 1878 a section of the Afrikaans-speaking farmers of the Cape resolved to form an organisation for the purpose of ‘watching over the interests of the farmers of this Colony, and protecting the same’. It arose, in the first place, from opposition to an excise duty imposed on liquor by the Cape parliament in 1878. Later aims of the association were: ‘to endeavour to have all those with an interest in farming registered as parliamentary voters, and to watch against the abuse of the franchise’. J. H. Hofmeyr (‘Onze Jan’) was its leader and its first representative in the Legislative Assembly. On 24 May 1883 the organisation merged with the Afrikaner Bond under a new name: Afrikanerbond en Boeren Beschermings Vereeniging.
Boer Generals in Europe
During the Second Anglo-Boer War 30,000 farm houses were destroyed, and in addition 21 villages (Ermelo, Bethal, Carolina, Amsterdam, Amersfoort, Piet Retief, Paulpietersburg, Dullstroom, Roossenekal, Bloemhof, Schweizer-Reneke, Harte beestfontein, Geysdorp and Wolmaransstad in the Transvaal; Vredefort, Villiers, Parys, Lindley, Bothaville, Ventersburg and Vrede – the last mentioned partly – in the Orange Free State). In extensive areas not a single animal was to be seen. In the Free State , for instance, only 700,000 out of approximately 8,000,000 sheep remained and one tenth of the cattle. The speedy reconstruction of the former Republics was a pressing necessity. In terms of Article 10 of the Treaty of Vereeniging £3,000,000 was granted for this purpose and in addition loans at 3% (without interest for two years). This amount was considered to be totally inadequate by the representatives of the Boer people at Vereeniging, and a head committee (M. T. Steyn, Schalk Burger, Louis Botha, C. R. de Wet, J. H. de la Rey and the Revs. A. P. Kriel and J. D. Kestell) was elected on 31 May to collect further funds. Generals Botha, De Wet and De la Rey were sent to Europe for this purpose. After cordial receptions in Cape Town, Paarl and Stellenbosch they left for England on 5 Aug. 1902. Huge crowds welcomed them in London, and they were presented to King Edward VII. On the Continent they were likewise enthusiastically cheered by thousands of people. (The Hague 20 Aug., Amsterdam11 Sept., Antwerp 19 Sept., Rotterdam 22 Sept., Groningen 27 Sept., Middelburg 30 Sept., Brussels 10 Oct., Paris 13 Oct., Berlin 17 Oct.). In a letter to Joseph Chamberlain dated 23 Aug. they requested an interview to discuss, inter alia, the following matters: full amnesty for rebels; annual grants for widows and orphans; compensation for losses caused by British troops; payment of the war debts of the Republics. At the interview on 5 Sept. Chamberlain stated that if he should accede to these requests a new agreement with the Republics would have to be drawn up and that could not be done. Thereupon the Generals published on as Sept. ‘An Appeal to the Civilised World’ in which they asked for further assistance to alleviate the dire distress. The result was most disappointing. Up to Jan. 1903 the ‘Appeal’ brought in only £116,810. This was possibly due to the unwillingness of the nations to continue assisting the Boers, who were now British subjects, and to the fact that Chamberlain had announced in Parliament on 5 Nov. that the Government would grant further loans if necessary. De Wet returned to South Africa on 1 November, Botha and De la Rey on 13 December.
Boer Prisoners of War – Camps
The approximately 27,000 Boer prisoners and exiles in the Second Anglo-Boer War (1899-1902) were distributed far and wide throughout the world. They can be divided into three categories: prisoners of war, ‘undesirables’ and internees. Prisoners of war consisted exclusively of burghers captured while under arms. ‘Undesirables’ were men and women of the Cape Colony who sympathised with the Orange Free State and Transvaal Republics at war with Britain and who were therefore considered undesirable by the British. The internees were burghers and their families who had withdrawn across the frontier to Lourenço Marques at Komatipoort before the advancing British forces and had finally arrived in Portugal, where they were interned.
Prisoners of war were detained in South Africa in camps in Cape Town (Green Point) and at Simonstown (Bellevue), and some in prisons in the Cape Colony and Natal; in the Bermudas on Darrell’s, Tucker’s, Morgan’s, Burtt’s and Hawkins’ Islands; on St. Helena in the Broadbottom and Deadwood camps, and the recalcitrants in Fort Knoll; in India at Umballa, Amritsar, Sialkot, Bellary, Trichinopoly, Shahjahanpur, Ahmednagar, Kaity-Nilgris, Kakool and Bhim-Tal; and on Ceylon in Camp Diyatalawa and a few smaller camps at Ragama, Hambatota, Urugasmanhandiya and Mt. Lavinia (the hospital camp). The internees were kept in Portugal at Caldas da Rainha, Peniche and Alcobaqa. The ‘undesirables’, most of them from the Cape districts of Cradock, Middelburg, Graaf Reinet, Somerset East, Bedford and Aberdeen, were exiled to Port Alfred on the coast near Grahamstown.
In the Bermudas, on St. Helena and in South Africa quarters consisted chiefly of tents and shanties patched together from tin plate, corrugated iron sheeting, and sacking, and in India and Ceylon mostly of large sheds of corrugated iron sheeting, bamboo and reeds. The exiles, whose ages varied between y and 82 years, occupied themselves in various fields, such as church activities, cultural and educational works, sports, trade, and even printing, and nearly all of them to a greater or lesser extent took part in the making of curios.
The exiles in Ceylon and on St. Helena were the most active in printing. Using an old Eagle hand press purchased from the Ceylonese, the prisoners of war in Ceylon printed the newspaper De Strever, organ of the Christelijke Streversvereniging (Christian Endeavour Society), which appeared from Saturday, 19 Dec. 1901, to Saturday, 16 July 1902. Other newspapers, which they published, mostly printed by roneo, were De Prikkeldraad, De Krygsgevangene, Diyatalawa Dum-Dum and Diyatalawa Camp Lyre. Newspapers issued on St. Helena were De Krygsgevangene (The Captive) and Kampkruimels.
The range of the trade conducted among the prisoners of war is evident from the numerous advertisements in their newspapers. There were cafes, bakeries, confectioners, tailors, bootmakers, photographers, stamp dealers, general dealers and dealers in curios. An advertisement by R. A. T. van der Merwe, later a member of the Union Parliament, reads in translation:
Roelof v.d. Merwe, Shop No. 12, takes orders for men’s clothing. Has stocks of all requirements.
Another, by C. T. van Schalkwyk, later a Commandant and M.E.C., may be roughly translated as follows:
Here in Kerneels van Schalkwyk’s cafe a Boer
Be he rich or be he poor
For money so little its spending not felt
Can have his tummy press tight on his belt.
In religious matters the exiles in overseas camps devoted their efforts in the first place to the establishment of churches. In most of the camps building material was practically unprocurable, with the result that most of the church buildings were patched together out of corrugated iron sheets, pieces of tin, sacks, reeds and bamboo. Pulpits were constructed from planks, pieces of timber, etc. There were a number of clergymen and students of theology among the prisoners; with them in the forefront and with the help of others who had gone to the camps for this purpose, congregations were founded and church councils were elected. From these developed Christian Endeavour Societies, choirs, Sunday-school classes for the many youngsters between 9 and 16 years of age, and finally catechism classes for older youths. Many a young man was accepted as a member of the Church and confirmed while in exile. Attention was also given to mission work, and funds were collected by means of concerts, sports gatherings, etc. Many of the prisoners died in exile, and the burial services as well as the care of the graves and cemeteries were attended to by their own churches.
In the cemetery of Diyatalawa 131 lie buried, and on St. Helena 146; in the Bermudas and in India a considerable number also lie buried. Through the years the Diyatalawa cemetery has been maintained in good order by the Ceylonese. Boer prisoners of war in the Bermudas were buried on Long Island. The graves themselves are neglected and overgrown with vegetation, but the obelisk erected in the cemetery on the insistence of the returning prisoners after the conclusion of peace is still in fairly good condition. It is a simple sandstone needle on a pedestal of Bermuda stone. The names of those buried in the cemetery and those who had died at sea on the voyage to Bermuda are engraved on all four sides of the pedestal.
Cultural activities covered a number of fields. At first debating societies were formed, and from these there developed bands, choirs and dramatic groups; theatrical, choral and other musical performances were given, festive occasions such as Christmas, New Year, Dingaan’s Day (now the Day of the Covenant and the birthdays of Presidents Kruger and Steyn and of Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands were celebrated. Judging by the numerous neatly printed programmes, many of the concerts and other performances were of quite a high standard. Celebrating Dingaan’s Day at Ahmednager (India on 16 Dec. 1901 the prisoners reaffirmed the Covenant. Beautifully art-lettered in an illuminated address, the text reads in translation as follows: ‘We confess before the Lord our sin in that we have either so sorely neglected or have failed to observe Dingaan’s Day in accordance with the vow taken by our forefathers, and we this day solemnly promise Him that with His help we with our households will henceforth observe this 16th Day of December always as a Sabbath Day in His honour, and that if He spare our lives and give us and our nation the desired deliverance we shall serve Him to the end of our days …’ This oath was taken by the exiles after a month of preparation and a week of humiliation in Hut No. 7.
Education received special attention and schools were established; bearded burghers and commandants shared the school benches with young boys and youths. The subjects studied were mainly bookkeeping, arithmetic, mathematics and languages, and fellow-exiles served as instructors. It was in these schools that the foundation was laid for many a distinguished career in South Africa, such as those of a later Administrator of the Orange Free State (Comdt. C. T. M. Wilcocks), a number of clergymen, physicians and others who, after returning to their fatherland, attained great prestige and became leading figures in the Church and social and political fields. Literary works were also produced in this atmosphere of religion and culture, such as the well known poem ‘The Searchlight’, by Joubert Reitz:
When the searchlight from the gunboat
Throws its rays upon my tent
Then I think of home and comrades
And the happy days I spent
In the country where I come from
And where all I love are yet.
Then I think of things and places
And of scenes I’ll ne’er forget,
Then a face comes up before me
Which will haunt me to the last
And I think of things that have been And of happy days that’s past;
And only then I realise
How much my freedom meant
When the searchlight from the gunboat Casts its rays upon my tent.
Sports gatherings were frequently arranged and provided days of great enjoyment, when young and old competed on the sports field, while cricket, football, tennis, gymnastics and boxing matches filled many an afternoon or evening. Neatly printed programmes for the gatherings and the more important competitions were usually issued.
Various daring attempts at escape were made, but few were successful. Five exiles – Lourens Steytler, George Steytler, Willie Steyn, Piet Botha and a German named Hausner – who succeeded in swimming out to a Russian ship in the port of Colombo (Ceylon), travelled by a devious route through Russia, Germany, the Netherlands and again Germany, and finally landed at Walvis Bay. One captive on St. Helena attempted to escape by hiding in a large case marked ‘Curios’ and addressed to a fictitious dealer in London. But he was discovered shortly after the ship left port and was returned to St. Helena from Ascension Island. Of those in the Bermudas two succeeded in reaching Europe aboard ships visiting Bermudan ports, while J. L. de Villiers escaped from Trichinopoly disguised as a coolie and made his way to the French possession of Pondicherry, from which he finally reached South Africa again by a roundabout route through Aden, France and the Netherlands. Among the exiles held in Ceylon two brothers named Van Zyl and a German did not return to South Africa, but went to Java, where they developed a flourishing farm enterprise with Friesland cattle. Among those held in the Bermudas a number went to the United States of America, where in some of the states such well-known Boer names as Viljoen and Vercueil are still found.
Repatriation of Boer Prisoners of War
As early as 1901 Lord Milner realised what a stupendous task the resettlement of close on 200,000 Whites involved, among whom were about 50,000 impecunious foreigners, as well as 1000.000 Bantu who, as a result of the Anglo-Boer War, had become torn from their usual way of life and had either been herded together in prisoner-of-war and concentration camps or scattered all over the Orange Free State and the Transvaal as refugees and combatants. These people had to be restored to their shattered homes and their work in order to become self-supporting. Milner wished Britons employed by the Transvaal mines and industries to be repatriated first. This began after the annexation of the Transvaal in 1900. By Feb. 1901 as many as 12,000 had already been repatriated, and by the beginning of 1902 nearly all of them had returned to the Witwatersrand.
To aid the resettlement of former Republican subjects, special Land Boards were set up early in 1902 in both the new colonies. They were also expected to help settle immigrant British farmers. From April 1902 the repatriation sections of the Land Boards were converted into independent departments in order to prepare for the repatriation of the Afrikaner population. The post-war development of the repatriation programme was adumbrated in sections I, II and X of the peace treaty of Vereeniging. In terms of sections I and II all burghers (both ‘Bitter-enders’ and prisoners of war) were required to acknowledge beforehand the British king as their lawful sovereign. Section X read that in each district local repatriation boards would be set up to assist in providing relief and in effecting resettlement. For that the British government would provide £3m as a ‘bounty’ and loans, free of interest for two years, and after that redeemable over three years at 3 %. The wording ‘vrije gift’, as the bounty was termed, gave rise to serious misunderstanding, and the accompanying provision, that proof of war losses could be submitted to the central judicial commission, created the erroneous impression that this bounty was intended to compensate the burghers for these losses. The eventual British interpretation, that the bounty was intended as a contribution toward repatriation, created a great deal of bitterness. Eventually it turned out that there was no question of a bounty, since repatriates were held personally responsible for all costs, the £3m being part of the loan of £35m provided by the British treasury for the new colonies.
After the conclusion of peace two central repatriation boards, one in Pretoria and the other in Bloemfontein, began to function, and 38 local boards were set up in the Transvaal and 23 in the Orange River Colony. The repatriation departments were reformed into huge organisations, each employing more than 1,000 men. The real work of repatriation came under three heads, viz. getting farmers back to their farms with the least delay; supplying them with adequate rations until they could harvest their crops; and providing them with seed, stock and implements to cultivate their lands.
The general discharge of prisoners of war in South Africa began in June 1902. Many overseas prisoners of war, especially those in India, were sceptical about the peace conditions and refused to take the oath of allegiance to the British Crown. In spite of the efforts of Gen. De la Rey and Comdt. I. W. Ferreira to induce them to return, about 500 of the 900 ‘irreconcilables’ were not to be persuaded until Jan 1904.
In July 1904 the last 4 Transvaalers were discharged from India, but in May 1907 two Free Staters were still there. There were 100 men per district to every shipload, and on their arrival they were first sent to camps at Umbilo and Simonstown, where they were given food and clothing. Those who were self-supporting were allowed to go home. Through judicious selection – land-owning families first and ‘bywoners’ (share-croppers) next – repatriation was made bearable. By the middle of June 1902 almost all the ‘bitter-enders’ had laid down their arms and were allowed to return to their homes, provided they could fend for themselves. In other cases they were allowed, like the prisoners of war, to take up temporary accommodation with their families in concentration camps until they were sent home by the repatriation departments with a month’s supply of free rations, bedding, tents and kitchen utensils.
By Sept. 1902 only the impoverished group was left in the camps. In due course relief works, such as the construction of railway lines and irrigation works, were started to employ them. However, a considerable number of pre-war share-croppers became chronic Poor Whites. Spoilt by their idle mode of existence during the war, many Bantu refused to leave the refugee camps, but when their food rations were stopped they soon returned to the firms to alleviate the labour shortage.
The road to repatriation was strewn with stumbling blocks. Nearly 300,000 ruined people had to be brought back to their shattered homes. Supplies had to be conveyed over thousands of miles of impassable roads and neglected railways, already heavily burdened by the demobilisation of the British army and the transport of supplies to the Rand. Weeks of wrangling preceded the purchase from the military authorities, at exorbitant prices, of inferior foodstuffs and useless animals, many of which died. The organisation was ineffective, and the authority and ditties of the central and local repatriation boards were too vaguely defined, leading to unnecessary duplication. Moreover, the burghers mistrusted the repatriation. By the end of 1902 most of the ‘old’ population had, however, been restored. Unfortunately the long drought which dragged on from 1902 until the end of 1903 made it necessary for many of the repatriation depots to be kept going until 1904, in order to keep the starving supplied on credit. From 1904 conditions gradually began to return to normal, and in 1905 repatriation was complete. A great deal of the £ 14m spent on it had gone into administrative expenses.
Sharp criticism was levelled against the repatriation policy, especially against the incompetence and lack of sympathy among the officials, and financial mismanagement. The composition of the repatriation boards was also suspect. On the other hand, agricultural credit came in with repatriation and prepared the way for the present system of Land Bank loans and co-operative credit. Milner himself considered the repatriation a success, although he conceded that a considerable sum of money had been squandered. Yet it was not the utter failure it has often been represented to have been. Milner deserves praise for his genuine attempt to resettle an impoverished and uprooted agricultural population and to reconstruct an entire economy. The accomplishment of the entire project without serious friction can largely be attributed to the self-restraint and love of order of the erstwhile Republican burghers.
The wreck of the Grosvenor on the 4th August 1782, on the coast of Pondoland north of the mouth of the Umzimvubu River, near the place where the São João was wrecked more than 200 years before, is one of the best-known South African shipwrecks, and is referred to in more than a hundred printed works.
The disaster was, it is suspected, ascribable to a grave miscalculation by the captain, possibly due to misty weather and treacherous currents, and to the carelessness of the look-outs. In January 1782, the Grosvenor left Bengal with a cargo valued at £75 000, a crew of 132 and 18 passengers (12 adults and 6 children). Of the 123 survivors, 6 eventually managed to reach the farm of Ferreira near Algoa Bay.
A search party sent by order of Governor Van Plettenberg from Swellendam rescued 3 Whites and 9 Indians. Only 18 of those shipwrecked eventually reached Cape Town, from which they were repatriated. The rest either died from their privations or were murdered by the Bantu or forced to live among them. A half-caste group later found in the vicinity of the scene of the wreck would seem to indicate that the White wives whose husbands had been murdered possibly lived with the Bantu.
The legend of the Grosvenor treasure originated in 1880, when a few gold and silver coins were washed up on the beach near the scene of the wreck. The Natal Mercantile Advertiser of 23 February 1880, referred to this with the remark “it shows there must have been large quantities of bullion on board”. According to some documents these were – in addition to personal treasure to the value of R36m – 162 378 gold coins, 19 chests of precious stones, 720 gold bars and 1 450 silver bars, a treasure according to present valuations worth R34m. A number of attempts have already been made to salvage this legendary treasure, but up to now without success.
As recently as 1963 a Belgian-South African company with a share capital of R400 000 was formed with the intention of sinking a vertical shaft on land and from the bottom of this shaft digging a horizontal shaft to the bay where the wreck rests. The sand can then be pumped out and divers can salvage the treasure from the wreck. Percival R. Kirby, who produced the most authoritative work on the Grosvenor , is very sceptical about the existence of the suspected treasure.In his book: ” The true story of the Grosvenor East Indianian ” (1960) he states: `Undoubtedly the Grosvenor was a richly laden vessel…. but the visions of bullion (if by that is meant hundreds of bars of gold and silver), and of scores of chests of diamonds, rubies, emeralds, and the like … are but idle dreams’.
Source: SESA (Standard Encyclopedia of Southern Africa)